A Master Plan for:
the 'Kampot Solar Community'.
Dated June 24, 2016.
‘Part 1’ (A brief outline and description of the infrastructure).
‘Part 2’ (Housing).
The total size of the development is 7.5 hectare, which is partially wooded with low to medium sized foliage. There are many opportunities for positioning building plots on bare land so the foliage is to be retained and nurtured.
This is in keeping with the general natural environment which is to be maintained. The buildings will be positioned and designed to integrate with their natural surroundings. Eco-friendly building and development practices will be adhered to at all times. Waste disposal will include composting of bio-degradable produce and the burning of all combustibles; except plastic
The area may well be termed ‘gated’, although the expression is merely to indicate to investors and potential property owners that there can be no fear of intrusion by uninvited or undesirable individuals. The parameter fencing will be low and just enough to show where the outside boundary of the 7.5 hectare site is. Inside the parameter there will be few boundaries, especially not around each residential housing. Perhaps just colored stones designating the property lines.
There will be a main entrance at the car-park and some smaller gates to paths which lead away from the perimeter fence.
Transportation within the complex:
There will be a car-park at the main entrance. Residents and visitors will leave their vehicles here before changing to alternative transportation. The area will have 24/7 security.
Once parked a Tuk-Tuk style vehicle will be made available. Either self-drive or with a driver. To contribute to the eco-friendly environment the vehicle may well be electric powered.
Residents will also be offered bicycles to ride around upon.
Paths for the Tuk-Tuks and bicycles will link all the houses, plots and attractions.
Should a resident opt to provide their own eco-friendly transportation they are not obliged to pay for the transportation service.
Security and social order will be expressed by the membership of an ‘Association’ which will have a membership fee and a program of guidelines to maintain its integrity of purpose.
Owners of property will pay dues and adhere to the guidelines of this governing body. The purpose is to set limitations to noise, air and other pollutants caused by the members. Guidelines and parameters will be set and if abused the guilty member will pay for any damage caused and be cautioned about the incident.
The account of the ‘Association’ will pay for things like the WIFI, security and grounds maintenance (outside of that of the resident’s plots).
There will be a ‘No Dogs’ policy within the community. Other than those who are owed by temporary visitors of residents. In this case the dog/s will be kept on a leash at all times and any noise will be kept to a minimum. All excrement from the animal will be removed from the community and disposed of outside the parameter, by the dog’s guardian.
Any other pets, including cats, will be checked for neutering and other documented contraception. Population numbers will be kept to a minimum, for instance a guideline of no more than two pets per household.
Internal and external businesses;
There will be a small business and shopping center where operators lease or buy space to establish business. Guidelines will be adhered to in respect of which businesses fit well with the general atmosphere of the community. Those businesses which cannot follow the guidelines of the ‘Association’ will obviously not be accepted.
Businesses run by residents of the community will be encouraged as ‘internal businesses’. They may well be in part or wholly for the benefit and sale to community members; for instance an organic produce farm.
Other eco-friendly businesses and attractions will be encouraged such as a butterfly farm, bee-keeping and a Spirulina farm.
External businesses may take the form of visiting delivery services or taxi / tuk-tuk services for instance. These will carry advertising of the complex and give priority to members of the community.
‘Part 1’ (A brief outline and description of the infrastructure).
In all cases economy will be the watchword. The most efficient low voltage (primarily 12 volt) systems will be employed.
Each building, including each residential property, will have its own solar generating station.
The whole development will remain off-grid apart from the supply to particularly large appliances. Solar power will be used as an alternative as much as possible.
Air-conditioning will fall within the high consumption category and so will be provided grid-power. This will be metered to the consumer.
The solar power per house will be inclusive in the purchase price. The running costs, primarily battery replacement, is estimated at about three dollars a week.
Water supply will be from wells. This water will be pumped (12 volt) into storage tanks.
Building will have drainage to a septic tanks. The contents will be treated in an environmentally friendly fashion.
Internet connection will be installed and extended so that every building within the complex will have WIFI. (Residents may opt out of using the service if they choose).
It is not the intention to illuminate the whole complex at night. Any lighting outside buildings will be limited to bulbs of no more than three watts; and in number be kept to a bare minimum.
At the entrance gate and the car-park will be stand-alone solar powered street-light style lights. These will provide additional security in that area.
A center for all types of waste disposal and re-cycling will be established. This may well form one of the 'Internal businesses'. Residents will be encouraged to bring their waste for disposal by various means. Composting of bio-degradable waste and the burning of environmentally safe waste will take place in this designated area. Plastic will not be burned but disposed of in an eco-friendly fashion. Residents will be encouraged to collect as little plastic whilst shopping as possible.
Part 1 in conclusion:
These are propositions and more may well follow. As changes are made the document will be dated and updated accordingly.
‘Part 2’ (Housing).
Buildings, whether they be residential properties or otherwise will be of a certain style. This form will reflect the concept that the project integrates both the western culture and the Khmer culture.
The first residence will be a ‘Showhouse’ with most of the features which will be carried through as a ‘theme’ for all other houses. Including solar power and pressurized hot and cold water.
Various sizes will be available, one, two, three and four bedroom variations.
Houses will look like a ‘Khmer’ houses on the outside and will be built on stilts. These supports will be low where they support the main accommodation but tall in an area to supply a shaded area. Decks will have large overhanging eves for shaded relaxation. There will be no garage as per western housing.
Throughout all the buildings, the coloring will be reflect an ‘Eco-friendly’ and natural theme. Browns and greens will dominate. Thus the buildings will blend in with the foliage and their surroundings.
The angles and look will be very ‘Khmer’. Gable ends will be trimmed with features found in native designs; including scrolling and filigree for instance. All roofs will have guttering and this will be led to tanks for water storage.
At gable ends the roof will be cut back to provide venting for the escape of hot air from inside the building.
Insulation and cooling:
All buildings will be insulated by either fiberglass, dense-foam, expanded polystyrene or a combination of any of these materials. Water tanks will also be insulated where appropriate.
Cooling will be effected by good air circulation and extraction through the roof. Vents will be made in the floor above the raised base level and the floors above leading upward and out the roof vent. The air will be drawn upward by fans.
Water misting will also be employed, so that air entering the rooms will be pre-chilled.
Generous overhangs and shaded porches will also help with keeping the general temperature down.
Internal water provision tanks:
There will be both cold and a hot water tanks, both will be insulated to maintain their temperatures.
Hot water will be provided by solar heated tanks. So resident may have a selected temperature of water via a mixer taps and shower faucets.
The whole development will endeavor to stay off-grid. Power will be provided by solar and possibly some wind generation.
Note: The need for air-conditioning may well become un-necessary due to the aforementioned cooling systems.
Each house and building will have its own solar generating system. The batteries and controls will be housed within easy access of the building so that the power consumption and performance can be monitored.
Lighting will all be mostly 12 volt LED. Wattages will be selected to suit the needs of each room and positioned accordingly. Outside lighting will be kept to a minimum.
Inverters will be incorporated to provide 240 volts for household refrigeration and small appliances.
Larger appliances such as air-conditioning will be services by a link to the grid. Please note that due to the integrated cooling systems it is unlikely that these will be needed.
The community will benefit from a center for entertainment. This building will incorporate, a restaurant, spa type accommodation, a gymnasium, shopping center and a function room.
Outside will be a naturally filtered swimming pool together with sports facilities.
The design of the development is work in progress although the basic structure is outlined above. The development team will work closely with clients to ensure a very comfortable and affordable lifestyle.
‘Better by Design’!
For discussion please contact Julian at Blue Star Realty.